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Tempting the New Boss. Claiming Her Master. Taming His Mistress. Play Me. Diane Alberts. Cruising for Love. In Bed with the Bodyguard. Hot Nights with the Fireman. How to write a great review. The review must be at least 50 characters long. The title should be at least 4 characters long. Your display name should be at least 2 characters long. At Kobo, we try to ensure that published reviews do not contain rude or profane language, spoilers, or any of our reviewer's personal information.
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Among the passengers was a lady said to have been the daughter of the emperor. It proved a prize invaluable, in great sums of money, vessels of gold and silver, jewels, and rich habits; for usually they are as much laden with merchandize upon account of the Mogul, as upon that of the pilgrims; and their returns are so rich, that they make a part of the European trade for the merchandize of Arabia Felix. Avery, after plun dering the ship of its wealth, dismissed it and all its passengers. This piracy for a time embroiled us with the Mogul; but the affair being explained as the act of a robber, he dismissed his anger against the English nation.
In the beginning of the last century only one ship, great and clumsy, was employed on this religious-commercial business. This is the most antient factory we have in Hindoostan, and all our vessels made for Swalley, or the road of Surat, for at one or other of those places all our countrymen landed, who intended to penetrate into the interior of the country.
We find the illustrious names of Roe, Herbert, and Shirly, among the first of our countrymen who landed on these western shores. This city was once the capital of Malwah; it is seated on a plain on the top of a lofty and steep mountain. It has many remains of antient magni ficence; among others, the tombs of the Kuljyan Sultans. Here also is the tomb of the parricidal tyrant, Massireddeen. Abulsazul says it sometimes flows with milk.
It is men tioned by Arrian as a place of vast commerce, not only in the productions of its own country, but of those of other parts; all which were transported to Barygaza, that vast emporium, near the mouth of the Namasus. These cups received their value from their rich sculpture. Add to these muslins, Molochinae, cottons dyed of the color of mallow flowers, and a great quan tity of common Othonium, or course Dungarees.
Some articles, which we cannot interpret, were brought through the neigh boring Scythia, or the Indo-Scythia, bordering on the Indus.
I shall, in another place, give at one view the various articles mutually exchanged by the merchants of India and of Europe in antient times. I shall here only select a few singular gifts, sent as presents to the monarch of Ozene, such as musical instru ments, silver vessels, and beautiful virgins for his majesty's Ze nana. He was originally a Jaghiredar of the Poonah Mahrattas: a Jaghire means a grant of land from a sovereign to a subject, re vokable at pleasure, but generally, or almost always, for a life rent. Sindia flung off his dependency, and makes quick advances to considerable sovereignty.
But to return. SURAT is a city of toleration, all sects are indulged in the free exercise of their religion. Fanaticism, in all its extrava gance, reigns here, amidst the various casts of Hindoos; and here are practised all the dreadful austerities, and strange atti tudes of the self-tormentors we have so often read of.
Near the city they have their repositories for the dead. They admit not of interment; they place the corpses on a platform, on the summit of a circular building, exposed to birds of prey. The friends watch the bodies, and wait with eagerness till one of the eyes is plucked out. If the right is plucked out, they go away, secure of the happiness of the departed spirit; if the left, they deplore its eternal misery.
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In its most prosperous state it was the emporium of all the produce of India and Arabia, and of all the produce of Europe and Asrica, wanted by the luxurious Asiatics. The extent of the Indian or country trade is evident here, by the numerous fleets which frequently turn in. I know of no medicinal articles, either the produce of, or exported from Surat.
Our factory there consists of a Chief, who is always one of the council of Bombay two or three gentlemen, as counsellors to him, and four or five inferior servants of the company, as clerks; in all, per haps, eight or ten Europeans.
Our trade to and from Surat is very extensive, and our political influence is very considerable, since we got the government of the Castle by a grant from the Mogul; we likewise receive, jointly with the Mahrattas, and the Nabab, or governor, the amount of all the import and export duties; and, for the maintenance of two or three com panies of sepoys, to garrison the castle, we have a Jaghire in lands which yields a handsome revenue. The country in the neighborhood of Surat, is partly subject to the Mahrattas, and partly to some small tribes. The Nabab 's authority extends little beyond the city.
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Yeek Tree. Coro mandel, i. It grows in extensive forests, along the hills, at the foot of the Ghaut mountains, and to the north and north-east of Bassein, and is readily brought down the various streams that flow from them, on the river Gooda verie, on the Coromandel coast; in Barmah, north of Pegu; in the isle of Sumatra, and possibly in many other places.
The pro perty of this timber, in resisting the worm, renders it in valuable; yet it has been neglected by the non-application of it for the building our ships of war. The words of that very in telligent writer Mr. Rennel, will best convey the idea of the importance of this invaluable tree. I CANNOT close this account without remarking the unpar donable negligence we are guilty of, in delaying to build teek ships of war for the use of the Indian seas. They might be freighted home, without the ceremony of regular equipment, as to masts, sails, and furniture, which might be calculated just to answer the purpose of the home passage at the best season; and crews could be provided in India.
Guide Kreativität und Intelligenz (German Edition)
The letter an nexed, which was written with the best intentions, nine or ten years ago, will explain the circumstances of the case. The Spaniards build capital ships in their foreign settlements. The East India Company have a teek ship on her fourth voyage at present, which ship has wintered in England, therefore any objection founded on the effects of frost on the teek timber, is done away.
FREQUENT have been the opportunities I have had of ob serving how very rapid the decay of ships built of European timber is in the East Indies; and, on the contrary, how du rable the ships are, that are built of the wood of that country; namely, the teek, which may not improperly be styled In dian oak. The number of ships of war that were ruined in those seas during the late war to may be admitted as a proof of the former remark; and the great age of the ships built in India may serve to prove the latter.
What I mean to infer from this, for your Lordship's use is, that ships of war under third rates may be constructed in India, and with mo derate repairs last for ages; whereas a ship of European con struction can remain there but a very few years; to which dis advantage may be added, that of losing, in the mean time, the services of the ships that are sent to relieve the worn out ones.
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THE Britannia, of seven hundred tons, which was built of teek, made several voyages to Europe. THE Teek is an evergreen, and esteemed a sacred tree. The Gentoos repair or build their pagodas with this timber only, when other materials are not used. Poon, or Mast Tree. A purple color is obtained from the tender leaves, useful in dying silk and cotton, which are also medicinal.
A syrup extracted from them, mixed with sugar, cures the Aphthee: the flowers, mixed with honey, are prescribed in dropsies. It grows to the height of sixty feet? Sonnerat, ii. Surat for a long time was open to every attack; nor was the fortification attended to till after it was taken and plun dered, in , by the famous Sevatjee. The Gover nor deserted the place, and retired into the castle; besides that, it had no other protection than a mud wall.
After the retreat of the free-booters, the citizens requested of Aurengzebe, that he would seoure them with a wall; accordingly one was built, taking in a space of four miles in circuit. It was of brick, eight yards high, with round bastions, and on each were five or six cannons.
Sevatjee was founder of the Mahratta kingdom we so often hear mentioned. This hero derived his lineage from the Rajahs of Chietore, who pretend that their descent is from Porus. He took advantage of the troubles which arose in his time in the kingdom of Visiapour, and again, during the wars between Aurengzebe and his brothers. He ex tended his conquests from Baglana, near Surat, to the Portu guese districts near Goa, a little beyond the foot of the Ghauts.
His capital was Poonah, an open town, but he kept his archives at Poorundar, a place of vast strength, a fortress on the summit of a mountain; he died in His successors extended their conquests, or rather their inroads, all over Hindoostan; and even compelled the great Mogul to pay them a chout, or tribute, to save his subjects from future calamities. The first is divided again among a number of chieftains, who pay just as much obedience as they like to a Paishwah, or head, whom Mr.
Rennel justly compares to the emperor of Germany, and the chieftains to the princes of that great body; they often quarrel with him, and often among themselves, and never are united, but by the apprehension of a common danger. In their inroads they come in clouds, and spread desolation far and wide. A NEW empire is springing out of these people; Madajee Sin dia, a Jaghiredar of the Mahratta states of Poonah or mere landholder, is now successfully conquering for himself.